California Early Softneck Garlic


Availability: Out of Stock

If Out of Stock, we recommend: Metechi.

'California Early' is also known as "Gilroy garlic" because it was developed in Gilroy, California to be well-adapted to mild-winter areas, like California and the South. This variety is heat tolerant and produces a bulb without a cold period, although it is dependable and prolific in any climate. White bulbs are large and layers of 10–20 tan to creamy-white cloves are well-protected by off-white to pink-blushed skins. Its flavor has a hint of sweetness with almost no heat, making it a good choice for eating raw, and for those who like mild garlic flavor. Widely grown and proven to be reliable for decades.

Due to state restrictions, we cannot ship garlic to Idaho, Hawaii and the following counties in Washington—Adams, Benton, Franklin, Grant and Klickitat (including cities such as Othello, Pasco, Moses Lake, Kennewick and Richland). Please do not order garlic if you live in one of these locations.

$4.50 1 Bulb
Out of Stock

Botanical Name: Allium sativum var. sativum

Family: Alliaceae (formerly Liliaceae) Allium or Onion family, includes onions, garlic, chives, shallots, and leeks.

Native: Central Asia

Variety Information: Bulbs are large with 10–20 cloves. Stores approximately 10 months.

Type: Artichoke

Exposure: Full Sun to Part Shade

When to Sow Outside: Garlic is planted in fall for harvest 7 to 9 months later (midsummer). In areas with cold winters, sow individual cloves from mid-September to mid-November. Garlic is frost-hardy, but ideally should be planted 4 to 6 weeks before the first hard freeze to give the bulbs time to establish roots. In areas with mild winters, garlic can be planted until January.

When to Start Inside: Not recommended if you want to grow bulbs. If you don't get your garlic in the ground, the cloves can be planted indoors any time of year for the green tops that make tasty garlic-flavored raw greens or stir-fry ingredients.

Days to Emerge: Emerges in late winter, when sown in fall.

Seed Depth: Cover cloves with 2 inches of soil

Seed Spacing: 6"–8"

Row Spacing: 12"–18"

Thinning: Not necessary

Special Instructions: After planting, apply 2"–4" of mulch (e.g., straw, untreated grass clippings, shredded leaves) to maintain moisture, insulate the cloves through the winter, and help prevent frost from heaving cloves to the surface. Loosen mulch in spring to allow shoots to push through thick or compacted mulch. In very cold climates, remove mulch after the last hard freeze to allow soil to warm. Reapply mulch after shoots emerge.

Remove weeds regularly to reduce competition for water and nutrients. In spring, hardneck garlic will produce a tall stem with a curlicue at the top and a swollen flower bud at the end. This flower stalk, called a scape, should be removed to keep the plant's energy focused on bulb growth and to keep bulbs tight. Scapes can be eaten and have a mild garlic flavor.

Special Care: Plant cloves with the root end down and the pointed side up. For more information, see Garlic: Planting and Growing Guide

Harvesting: Garlic bulbs are ready to harvest when the tops are approximately 40% yellow or brown, or start to fall over. This is typically in July and August. Do not leave bulbs in the ground too long or the skins will decay, reducing storage life. To harvest, lift the bulbs gently with a digging fork, (flat tines) or a shovel, digging widely to avoid cutting into them. Gently brush off any loose soil and remove any damaged cloves, but leave the roots and shoots attached. Lay the whole plant in a warm, airy location out of direct sun and protected from rain before curing. For more information, see Garlic: Harvesting, Curing, and Storage

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California Early Softneck Garlic Reviews

1 review
garlic fight
Review star icon Review star icon Review star icon Review star icon Review star icon Mar 3, 2019
south Florida has a tough environment for them but worth the extra added effort just to get a little success .
Jorge j Tamargo