Botanical Name: Viola cornuta
Native: Southwestern Europe
Hardiness: Frost-tolerant perennial in USDA zones 6–9
Plant Dimensions: 8" tall
Variety Information: ¾" blooms in lavender-blue, purple, pale yellow, and cream
Exposure: Full Sun to Part Shade
Bloom Period: Blooms heaviest during cool weather. In cold climates, this means spring through early summer, and fall. In mild climates, this means fall, winter, and spring.
Attributes: Cut Flower, Deer Resistant, Edible Flower, Good for Containers
When to Sow Outside: RECOMMENDED. Cold Climates: 4 to 6 weeks before your average last frost date, or midsummer for fall and the following spring bloom. Mild Climates: Late summer for cool-season blooms.
When to Start Inside: 8 to 10 weeks before your average last frost date for early spring planting, and midsummer for fall planting in both mild and cold climates.
Days to Emerge: 7 – 20 Days
Seed Depth: ⅛"
Seed Spacing: A group of 3 seeds every 4" – 6"
Thinning: When ½" – 1" tall, thin to 1 every 4" – 6"
Special Care: Pinch off faded flowers to the bottom of their stems to encourage more blooms and prevent reseeding. In all climates, when the weather warms up in summer, plants tend to get ragged, stretched out, and slow to bloom. Trim back the flower stalks to promote new foliage and encourage fall bloom.