Botanical Name: Antirrhinum majus
Native: Southern Europe, Northern Africa, and West Asia
Hardiness: Usually grown as an annual, though perennial in USDA zone 5 and warmer.
Plant Dimensions: 6"–8" tall and 3"–4" wide
Variety Information: 1" flowers in shades of red, white, yellow, and pink start blooming on the lower part of the flower stalks, moving up, until the last flower to open is the the top of the stalk.
Exposure: Full sun to part shade
Bloom Period: Blooms heaviest in cool weather
Attributes: Attracts Pollinators, Cut Flower, Deer Resistant, Good for Containers
When to Sow Outside: Cold Climates: 4 to 6 weeks before your average last frost date or as soon as soil can be worked. Mild Climates: Late summer to early fall for winter and spring bloom.
When to Start Inside: RECOMMENDED. 8 to 10 weeks before your average last frost date.
Days to Emerge: 10–15 days
Seed Depth: Surface
Seed Spacing: A group of 3 seeds every 3"
Thinning: When ½" tall, thin to 1 every 3"
Harvesting: For longest vase life, harvest in the morning, choosing stems that have about half of the bottom flowers open.