Botanical Name: Beta vulgaris (hybrid)
Days to Maturity: 45 – 60 Days
Native: Europe, Asia, and the Mediterranean region
Hardiness: Frost-tolerant biennial grown as an annual
Plant Dimensions: Leaf tops 15"–17" tall
Variety Information: Smooth, round, red roots can reach 2½" diameter at maturity, but harvest earlier for baby beets.
When to Sow Outside: RECOMMENDED. 2 to 4 weeks before your average last frost date, when soil temperature is at least 45°F, ideally 60°–85°F, for early summer crop. 6 to 8 weeks before your average first fall frost date for late summer/fall crop. Mild Climates: Sow fall through winter.
When to Start Inside: Not recommended. Root disturbance delays maturity.
Days to Emerge: 5 – 21 Days
Seed Depth: ½"
Seed Spacing: 1 seed every 4"
Row Spacing: 12"
Thinning: When 2" tall, thin to 1 every 4"
Special Care: To hasten and improve germination, soak seeds for 2 to 24 hours before sowing.