Botanical Name: Capsicum annuum
Hardiness: Perennial in USDA zones 9 and warmer, grown as an annual in other climates; very frost sensitive.
Plant Dimensions: 14"–18" tall
Variety Information: Lilac flowers give way to ⅜" shiny, round green fruits that turn to a deep purple/black, and then red as the plant matures.
Exposure: Full sun
Bloom Period: Mid- to late summer, continuing until first frost
Attributes: Cut Flower, Good for Containers, Drought Tolerant
When to Sow Outside: Not recommended due to long maturing time.
When to Start Inside: RECOMMENDED. 8 to 10 weeks before transplanting. Ideal soil temperature for germination is 70°–90°F. Transplant seedlings outside 2 to 4 weeks after your average last frost date, and when daytime temperatures are at least 70°F, and nighttime temperatures are at least 55°F. Mild Climates: May be sown in late summer for fall/winter crop.
Days to Emerge: 10–25 days
Seed Depth: ¼"
Seed Spacing: Start indoors
Thinning: Start indoors, plant 12"–24" apart outside
Harvesting: When harvesting, take care to avoid touching the interior of any broken peppers, as the capsaicin is an extreme irritant, especially to the eyes. Wash hands thoroughly after harvesting or wear gloves to harvest peppers.