Botanical Name: Capsicum chinense
Days to Maturity: 100 days from transplanting
Native: Northeastern India
Hardiness: Frost-sensitive perennial grown as an annual
Plant Dimensions: 16"–48" tall, 24" wide
Variety Information: 2½"–3" long, 1" wide fruits that often have a bumpy texture and turn from green to orange-red or brilliant scarlet.
Attributes: Good for Containers
When to Sow Outside: For Mild Climates only: 2 to 4 weeks after average last frost, when soil temperature is at least 70°F.
When to Start Inside: RECOMMENDED. 8 to 10 weeks before transplanting. Ideal soil temperature for germination is 70°–90°F. Transplant seedlings outside 2 to 4 weeks after your average last frost date, and when daytime temperatures are at least 70°F, and nighttime temperatures are at least 55°F. Mild Climates: May be sown in late summer for fall/winter crop.
Days to Emerge: 10–25 days
Seed Depth: ¼"
Seed Spacing: Start indoors
Row Spacing: 24"–36"
Thinning: Start indoors, plant seedlings 18" – 24" apart outside
Harvesting: Harvest when mature size, firm, and when peppers have turned orange/red. When harvesting, take care to avoid touching the interior of any broken peppers, as the capsaicin is an extreme irritant, especially to the eyes. Wash hands thoroughly after harvesting or wear gloves to harvest peppers.