Botanical Name: Echinacea purpurea
Native: United States
Hardiness: Hardy perennial in USDA zones 3–8
Plant Dimensions: 18"–22" tall, 16"–24" wide
Exposure: Full sun to part shade. In very hot summer climates, provide some afternoon shade. In light shade, echinacea produces slightly deeper colored flowers.
Bloom Period: Blooms summer to frost
Attributes: Attracts Pollinators, Cut Flower, Drought Tolerant, Good for Containers, Heat Tolerant
When to Sow Outside: 2 to 4 weeks before your average last frost date, or in fall for spring germination. Ideal soil temperature for germination is near 65°F. Cool soil temperatures may delay germination.
When to Start Inside: 10 to 12 weeks before your average last frost date (may bloom first year if started indoors).
Days to Emerge: 10 – 20 Days
Seed Depth: ¼"
Seed Spacing: A group of 3 seeds every 18"
Thinning: When 1" tall, thin to 1 every 18"