Botanical Name: Verbascum phoeniceum
Native: Europe, Asia
Hardiness: Perennial (short-lived) in USDA zones 4–8
Plant Dimensions: 2'–4' tall, 1'–2' wide
Variety Information: 1 ¼" wide, single flowers in white, pink, deep rose, violet, and purple
Exposure: Full sun
Bloom Period: Late spring to summer
Attributes: Attracts Pollinators, Cut Flower, Deer Resistant, Fairly Drought Tolerant
When to Sow Outside: RECOMMENDED. 2 to 4 weeks before your average last frost date and up to 2 months before your average first fall frost date. If sown as early as January in mild climates, plants may bloom first year. Ideal soil temperature for germination is 60°–70°F.
When to Start Inside: 6 to 8 weeks before your average last frost date. If started as early as January, may bloom first year. Sow in biodegradable pots; tap roots are sensitive to disturbance.
Days to Emerge: 5–15 days
Seed Depth: Press into surface
Seed Spacing: A group of 4 seeds every 12"
Thinning: When ½"–1" tall, thin to 1 every 12"