Botanical Name: Viola cornuta
Native: Southwestern Europe
Hardiness: Frost-tolerant perennial in USDA zones 6-9; often grown as an annual. Reseeds readily.
Plant Dimensions: 4"–8" tall and wide
Variety Information: ¾" deep violet-blue with a small bright yellow center
Exposure: Full sun to part shade
Bloom Period: Bloom heaviest in cool weather
Attributes: Deer Resistant, Edible Flower, Good for Containers
When to Sow Outside: RECOMMENDED. Cold Climates: 4 to 6 weeks before your average last frost date, or in midsummer for fall and the following spring bloom. Mild Climates: Late summer for cool–season bloom.
When to Start Inside: 8 to 10 weeks before your average last frost date for early spring planting, and midsummer for fall planting in both mild and cold climates.
Days to Emerge: 7–20 days
Seed Depth: ⅛"
Seed Spacing: A group of 3 seeds every 4"–6"
Thinning: When ½"–1" tall, thin to 1 every 4"–6"
Harvesting: For longest vase life, harvest flowers in the morning, just as flower buds begin to open.